At least 12 people are reported to have died in the cold spell which has enveloped much of Europe. Ten deaths occurred in Poland, when temperatures dropped to –25°C. Freezing temperatures and exceptional snowfall have caused delays and cancellations of flights, shutdowns of airports and chaos on roads and railways. Many schools have been forced to close. In some countries, electricity and water supplies have been disrupted. Marseilles, southern France, had its heaviest snowfall in 20 years. Temperatures in Germany reached a record low of –28°C.